The scale of the female is flat, usually an elongated oval shape, 3-4 mm long, yellow-green or light grey in colour, with dark brown speckles or spots. The colour of the scale darkens as the female ages. The size, shape and characteristics of the female also vary with different host plants. The middle of the scale is always darker than the margins.
Females reproduce parthenogenetically (without mating). It may appear that they bear live young, but in fact the first instar nymph emerges from the egg under the mother’s scale.
The pink crawlers are active for two or three days and disperse locally before settling. Once fixed in position, their colour changes to a transparent, light brown and they begin to feed.