Capsanem

Capsanem Entomopathogenic nematodes Steinernema carpocapsae

Use Capsanem for:

Biological control of diverse soil-dwelling and foliage-feeding pests.

Packaging:

Each box contains entomopathogenic nematodes in an inert carrier material.
86% Steinernema carpocapsae – 14% inert carrier

50 million – 1 sachet in a box
500 million – 2 sachets of 250 million in a box
2500 million – 10 sachets of 250 million in a box

General information

When to use Capsanem?

Use Capsanem for the biological control of:

Lepidoptera – caterpillars
Tomato leaf miner larvae (Tuta absoluta)
Noctuids larvae armyworms (Spodoptera spp.), cotton bollworm, corn earworm (Helicoverpa sp.), tomato looper (Chrysodeixis chalcites), cutworms (Agrotis sp.), silver y moth (Autographa gamma), European pepper moth (Duponchelia fovealis)
Box tree moth larvae (Cydalima perspectalis)
Cranberry girdler larvae (Crambus hortuellus, Chrysoteuchia topiaria)

Coleoptera
Colorado potato beetle larvae (Leptinotarsa decemlineata)
Flatheaded root borer larvae (Capnodis tenebrionis)

Diptera
Shore flies larvae (Scatella sp.)
Tipulids-crane flies larvae / leatherjackets (Tipula sp.)

Other orders
Mirid bug (Nesidiocoris tenuis)
Sycamore lace bug (Corythucha ciliata)
Mole crickets (European mole cricket Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa, American mole crickets Neoscapteriscus sp.)

How does Capsanem work?

The nematodes enter the pest and release symbiotic bacteria into the body cavity. These bacteria convert the larval tissue into a food source, on which nematodes feed, develop, and reproduce. The host pest dies within a few hours to days after infection. The Infected host turns yellow to brown but may be difficult to find, due to rapid degradation in the growing media, or, as with foliar application, it simply falls to the ground.

How to use Capsanem

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Application Capsanem

Preparation of the spray solution
  1. Remove the sachets from their packaging and keep them for 30 minutes at room temperature.
  2. Empty the contents of the sachets into a bucket containing at least 2 litres of water per sachet (water temperature: 15 - 20°C / 59 - 68°F).
  3. Stir well and leave the contents to soak for five minutes.
  4. Mix again and pour the contents into the half-filled spray tank (except when tank mixing with a compatible product).
  5. Maintain agitation of mixture in the tank (e.g. with a recirculation pump).
  6. Make up the spray tank with the required amount of water.
  7. If tank mixing with a compatible product, add Capsanem at the end to a fully filled tank.
Application
  1. Nematodes can be applied using a watering can, an airblast sprayer, through a sprinkler system, with a backpack sprayer, or a vehicle-mounted spray unit.
  2. To avoid blockage, all filters should be removed, especially if finer than 0.3 mm (50 mesh).
  3. Use a maximum pressure of 20 bar / 290 psi (on nozzle).
  4. The spray nozzle opening should be at least 0.5 mm (500 microns – 35 mesh) - preferably high flow rate cone nozzle types.
  5. Continuous mixing should take place to prevent nematodes sinking to the bottom of the spray tank.
  6. Avoid sprayers equipped with centrifugal or piston pumps. 
  7. Water tank temperature must not exceed 25°C (77°F) and pH must be between 4 to 8.
  8. Distribute the spraying solution evenly over the soil/media surface.
  9. Application through irrigation systems and/or Dosatron Venturi systems: pressure-compensated irrigation systems are recommended; if not available, spray or drench applications are recommended. For injection through Dosatron/Venturi systems, please contact your local representative for specific advice.
  10. Spray the solution as soon as it is prepared and within a short timeframe (5 hours). Do not store mixed suspensions.

Capsanem is compatible with many crop protection products. Check the Koppert side effects app for compatible products, or contact your local representative for advice. As a general rule for tank mixing, always add the nematodes to a fully filled tank containing the compatible product.

Best working conditions Capsanem

  • Soil or air temperature below 5°C (41°F) and above 35°C (95°F) can be lethal – optimum between 19 and 31°C (66-88°F).
  • Nematodes are susceptible to ultraviolet light (UV): do not use them in direct sunlight; the moisture content of the soil must be kept high for several days after application. When possible, irrigate the crop before and right after application.
  • For foliar application, spray Capsanem when relative humidity will exceed 75% for several hours post treatment; an adjuvant and/or an anti-desiccant/humectant additive can be beneficial. Ask your Koppert representative/distributor for more information.
  • Spray in the evening (or morning in some cases) allowing nematodes to work for several hours within the optimal range of temperature and humidity, as described above.

Dosage

Noctuids larvae- cutworms

Agrotis spp., Autographa gamma, Chrysodeixis chalcites, Helicoverpa spp., Spodoptera spp.

Application rate

 

Min application Volume recommended

 

50 million pack will treat

 

500 million pack will treat

 

2500 million pack will treat

 

Frequency & interval

Foliar or soil applications  specific advice

Warning 

1.5 million nematodes per litre

5.7 million nematodes per gal.

Spray until run-off and adjust spray volume to the crop

Tall crops min 1250 litres/hectare 134 gal./acre

1 pack for 33 litres of spray solution to treat :  260 m2*  2600 ft

(*based on 1250 litres/hectare – 134 gall./acre)

1 pack for 330 litres of spray solution

to treat :2600 m2* 26,000 ft2

 

1 pack for 1650 litres of spray solution

to treat : 1.3 hectares*3.2 acres

Repeat 2-3 times,

3-5 days apart

Foliar spray, Target young larvae 

Adjuvant recommended: For best results relative humidity must exceed 75% for several hours post treatment.

 

Capsanem may have an impact on the population of the beneficial mirid bug Macrolophus pygmaeus. If possible, release 2 days post treatment.

Colorado potato beetle larvae (protected eggplants)

Leptinotarsa decemlineata

Application rate

 

Min application Volume recommended

 

50 million pack will treat

 

500 million pack will treat

 

2500 million pack will treat

 

Frequency & interval

Foliar or soil applications  specific advice

Warning 

3 million nematodes per litre

11 million nematodes per gal.

Low crops 500 to 1250 litres / hectare

53-134 gal./acre

1 pack for 16 litres of spray solution to treat :128 m2*  1280 ft(*based on 1250 litres/hectare – 134 gall./acre)

1 pack for 166 litres of spray solution to treat :1300 m2* 13,000 ft2

 

1 pack for 830 litres of spray solution to treat : 6700 m1.7 acres

Repeat 2-3 times,

3-5 days apart

Foliar spray, Target young larvae 

Adjuvant recommended: For best results relative humidity must exceed 75% for several hours post treatment.

 

Capsanem may have an impact on the population of the beneficial mirid bug Macrolophus pygmaeus. If possible, release 2 days post treatment.

Box tree moth larvae

Cydalima perspectalis

Application rate

 

Min application Volume recommended

 

50 million pack will treat

 

500 million pack will treat

 

2500 million pack will treat

 

Frequency & interval

Foliar or soil applications  specific advice

Warning 

3 million nematodes per litre

11 million nematodes per gal.

Low crops 500 to 1250 litres / hectare

53-134 gal./acre

1 pack for 16 litres of spray solution to treat :128 m2*  1280 ft(*based on 1250 litres/hectare – 134 gall./acre)

1 pack for 166 litres of spray solution to treat :1300 m2* 13,000 ft2

 

1 pack for 830 litres of spray solution to treat : 6700 m1.7 acres

Repeat 2-3 times,

3-5 days apart

Foliar spray, Target young larvae 

Adjuvant recommended: For best results relative humidity must exceed 75% for several hours post treatment.

 

Capsanem may have an impact on the population of the beneficial mirid bug Macrolophus pygmaeus. If possible, release 2 days post treatment.

Tomato leaf miner larvae

Tuta absoluta

 

Application rate

 

Min application Volume recommended

 

50 million pack will treat

 

500 million pack will treat

 

2500 million pack will treat

 

Frequency & interval

Foliar or soil applications  specific advice

Warning 

1.5 million nematodes per  litre

5.7 million nematodesper gal.

Spray until run-off and adjust spray volume to the crop 

1500 litres / hectare (160 gal./acre) minimum recommended for protected tomatoes

1 pack for 33 litres of spray solution to treat : 220 m2* 2200 ft(*based on 1500 litres/hectarea or 160 gal./ acre)

1 pack for 330 litres of spray solution to treat : 2200 m2*22,000 ft2

 

1 pack for 1650 litres of spray solution to treat : 1.1 hectares*2.7 acres

Repeat 2- 3 times,

5-7 days apart

Foliar spray - Compatible adjuvant recommended

For best results, Relative humidity must exceed 75% and temperature must be > 19°C (66°F) for several hours post treatment

 

Warning!  Capsanem may have an impact on the population of the beneficial mirid bug Macrolophus pygmaeus. If possible, release after 2 days

Cranberry girdler (larvae)

Crambus hortuellus

 

Application rate

 

Min application Volume recommended

 

50 million pack will treat

 

500 million pack will treat

 

2500 million pack will treat

 

Frequency & interval

Foliar or soil applications  specific advice

Warning 

5 billion nematodes per hectare

2 billion nematodes  per acre.

Min. 1000 litres per hectare

Min. 90 gallons per acre

100 m2

1000 ft2

1000 m2

10,000 ft2

 

5000 m2 (0.5 hectares)

1.25 acres
Repeat if necessary after 7 days

Apply two weeks after main peak of adult flight

 

 

Mirid bug (Protected crops)

Nesidiocoris tenuis

Application rate

 

Min application Volume recommended

 

50 million pack will treat

 

500 million pack will treat

 

2500 million pack will treat

 

Frequency & interval

Foliar or soil applications  specific advice

Warning 

3 to 5 million nematodes per litre

Spray until run-off - adjust spray volume to the crop

If head of the crop spray,  max. 600 Litres/ha. Avoid run-off

1 pack for 10-16 litres of spray solution. To treat : 167267 m2*

*Based on 600 litres/hectare

1 pack for 100-166 litres of spray solution

To treat :1670-2670 m2

 

1 pack for 500-830 litres of spray solution

To treat :8300 m2 – 1.4 hectares

Repeat if necessary after 5-7 days

Foliar spray, Target young instars - Adjuvant recommended: For best results, relative humidity must exceed 75% for several hours post treatment

 

In the event that the beneficial mirid bug Macrolophus pygmaeus is present, only spray top of crop (first 30 cm), using top nozzles

Sycamore lace bugs

Corythucha ciliata

Application rate

 

Min application Volume recommended

 

50 million pack will treat

 

500 million pack will treat

 

2500 million pack will treat

 

Frequency & interval

Foliar or soil applications  specific advice

Warning 

7 million nematodes per litre

26 million nematodes per gal.

5 to 15 litres per tree - average 10 litres

1.3 to 4 gal./tree Average 2.5

1 pack for 7 litres (1.8 gal.) of spray solution

To treat :1 tree

1 pack for 70 litres (18 gal.) of spray solution

To treat :5 to 14 trees

 

1 pack for 350 litres (92 gal.) of spray solution

To treat :23 to 70 trees

2 applications during spring and summer

Foliar spray - Spray the leaves to the limit of run-off

Use a compatible adjuvant. Spray in the evening/night when average air temperature is > 19°C (66°F)

 

In the event that the beneficial mirid bug Macrolophus pygmaeus is present, only spray top of crop (first 30 cm), using top nozzles

Flatheaded root borer larvae

Capnodis tenebrionis

 

Application rate

 

Min application Volume recommended

 

50 million pack will treat

 

500 million pack will treat

 

2500 million pack will treat

 

Frequency & interval

Foliar or soil applications  specific advice

Warning 
1-3 million nematode per tree

5 to 15 litres per tree

Spray/drench over a 1-m radius around tree trunk

1 pack for

16-50 trees

1 pack for

166-500 trees

 

1 pack for 833-2500 trees 1 to 2 treatments in spring and 1 to 2 treatments in autumn/fall

Soil drench on wet soil; use irrigation afterwards.  Alternatively, spray during a rainy day.

 

 

Tipulids-Crane flies larvae/ leatherjackets

Tipula spp.

 

Application rate

 

Min application Volume recommended

 

50 million pack will treat

 

500 million pack will treat

 

2500 million pack will treat

 

Frequency & interval

Foliar or soil applications  specific advice

Warning 

250,000 nematodes per m2

250,000 nematodes per 10 ft2

500 to 1000 litres/ha

(53 to 107 gal./acre)

200 m2

2000 ft2

2000 m2

20 000 ft2

 

1 hectare

2.5 acres

2 applications systematically

7 days apart in spring and autumn

 

 

 

Shore flies larvae

Scatella spp.

Application rate

 

Min application Volume recommended

 

50 million pack will treat

 

500 million pack will treat

 

2500 million pack will treat

 

Frequency & interval

Foliar or soil applications  specific advice

Warning 

500,000 nematodes per m2

500.000 nematodes per 10 ft2

200 litres/ 100 m2 2000 litres/hectare

53 gal. / 1000 ft2 (214 gal. / acre)

100 m2

1000 ft2

1000 m2

10,000 ft2 (0.25 acre)

 

5000 m2 (0.5 hectare)

1.25 acre

Apply 2-3 times, 7 days apart

Soil/substrate application

pre and post irrigation highly recommended

 

European pepper moth larvae

Duponchelia fovealis

 

Application rate

 

Min application Volume recommended

 

50 million pack will treat

 

500 million pack will treat

 

2500 million pack will treat

 

Frequency & interval

Foliar or soil applications  specific advice

Warning 

500,000 nematodes per m2

500.000 nematodes per 10 ft2

200 litres/ 100 m2 2000 litres/hectare

53 gal. / 1000 ft2 (214 gal. / acre)

100 m2

1000 ft2

1000 m2

10,000 ft2 (0.25 acre)

 

5000 m2 (0.5 hectare)

1.25 acre

Apply 2-3 times, 7 days apart

Soil/substrate application

pre and post irrigation highly recommended

 

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