The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus) is a tree species originating in the Middle East as well as in North Africa and the Indian subcontinent. The name also refers to the tree’s edible seed that is nowadays extensively produced around the world. The almond belongs to the genus Prunus and together with the peach, belongs to the subgenus Amygdalus. This particular subgenus distinguishes itself from others because of ridges on the shell that surrounds the seed.